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Python vs Java: Object Oriented Programming

Python vs Java: Object Oriented Programming

In this article, we will learn about python VS java: object-oriented programming Java software engineers taking an action to Python regularly battle with Python’s way to deal with object-situated programming (OOP).

The way to deal with working with objects, variable sorts, and other language abilities taken by Python versus Java is very unique. It can make exchanging between the two dialects extremely confounding


Sample Classes in Python Vs Java

In java

Java classes are characterized in records with a similar name as the class. Thus, you need to save this class in a record named Car.java. Just one class can be characterized in each record.

Public class Car {

Private String color;

Private String model;

int year;

Public Car(String color, String model, int year) {

This.color = color;

This.model = model;

This.year = year;    }

Public String getColor() {

Return color;

Public String getModel() {

Return model;

Public int getYear() {        Return year;    }

In Python

A similar small Car class is written in Python as follows:

Class Car:

def __init__(self, color, model, year):

self.color = color

self.model = model

self.year = year

In Python, you can announce a class anyplace, in any record, whenever. Save this class in the document car.py. Utilizing these classes as your base, you can investigate the fundamental parts of classes and items

Objects Attributes

All objects arranged dialects have some approach to store information about the article. In Java and Python, information is put away in credits, which are factors related to explicit articles.

Perhaps the main contrasts between Python versus Java are the way they characterize and oversee class and item ascribes.

A portion of these distinctions come from requirements forced by the dialects, while others come from best practices

Declaration and Analysation

In Java

In Java, you proclaim credits in the class body, outside of any techniques, with a clear kind. You should characterize class credits before they utilized:

public class Car {
private String color;

private String model;

= int year

In Python

In Python, you both announce and characterize ascribes inside the class __init__(), which is what might be compared to Java’s constructor:

def __init__(self, color, model, year):

self.color = color

self.model = model

self.year = year

Public and Private

Java controls admittance to techniques and qualities by separating between open information and private information.

In Java, it is normal that credits are pronounced as private, or secured if subclasses need direct admittance to them.

This limits admittance to these characteristics from code outside the class.

To give admittance to private credits, you pronounce public techniques which set and recover information in a controlled way (more on that later). Accordingly,  Java code will show an arrangement error at the featured line

Car myCar = new Car(“blue”, “Ford”, 1972);

// Paint the car

myCar.color = “red”;

On the off chance that you don’t indicate an entrance level, the quality defaults to bundle secured, which limits admittance to classes in a similar bundle. You need to check the trait as open in the event that you need this code to work.

Notwithstanding, pronouncing public ascribes does not view as a best practice in Java. You relie upon to announce credits as private, and utilize community strategies, for example, the .getColor() and .getModel() appeared in the code.

>>> my_car = car.Car(“blue”, “Ford”, 1972)

>>> # Paint the car

… my_car.color = “red”

Rather than private, Python has thought of a non-public occasion variable. Any factor that begins with a highlight character characterized to be non-public. This naming show makes it harder to get to a variable, yet it’s just a naming show, and you can in any case get to the variable straightforwardly.

Access Control

In Java

In Java, you access private credits utilizing setters and getters. To permit clients to paint their vehicles, add the accompanying code to your Java class:

Public String getColor() {

Return color;}

Public void setColor(String color) {

This.color = color;}

Since .getColor() and .setColor() are public, anybody can call them to change or recover the vehicle’s tone. Java’s accepted procedures of utilizing private ascribe got to with public getters and setters is one reason why Java code will, in general, be more verbose than Python.

In Python

You access credits straightforwardly in Python. Since everything is public, you can get to anything whenever from any place. You set and get quality qualities straight by alluding to their names. You can even erase ascribes in Python, which is unimaginable in Java:

>>> my_car = Car(“yellow”, “beetle”, 1969)

>>> print(f”My car was built in {my_car.year}”)

My car made in 1969

>>> my_car.year = 1966

>>> print(f”It was built in {my_car.year}”)

it built in 1966

>>> del my_car.year

>>> print(f”It was built in {my_car.year}”)

Traceback (most recent call last):

File “<stdin>”, line 1, in <module>

Attribute Error: ‘Car’ object has no attribute ‘year’.

Read more: Python | Handling Recursion limit (5 ways to use)


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